El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) was
born in 1541, probably in the village of Fodele. Better known
as El Greco he lived most of his life in Toledo, Spain. A
16th century artist, he probably studied under Titian in Venice.
Nikos Kazanantzakis, author, thinker, poet and philosopher,
was born in 1883 in Varvari. He wrote a series of critical
travel books. Then came lyrics, stories, novels and tragic
plays with mostly historical or religious themes in addition
to philosophical essays and epic poems. International fame
came with his "Zorba the Greek", also "Report
to El Greco", "Freedom or Death" and "The
Last Temptation of Christ". He died in 1957.
Vinzentos Kornaros was born in Crete in 1600. His "Erotokritos"
is one of the most significant national poems of Greece.
Pantelis Prevelakis was born in 1909 in Rethymnon and
although he traveled extensively he remained in close contact
with his birthplace all his life. His novels, including "Chronicle
of a City", were based on historical interpretation and
Eleftherios Venizelos was Cretes most celebrated Cretan
statesman who, in 1913, finally succeeded in joining Crete
with the rest of Greece. He was born in Mournies and is buried
with his son on the Akrotiri peninsular,
just outside Chania.